Spratlys - Nansha Islands of China
Vietnamese Claims on the Spratly Islands (Quan Dao Truong Sa)
Vietnamese Recognition and Support for China's Sovereignty Over Spratly Islands and
Paracel Islands Prior to 1975
- - Prior to 1975, Vietnam had, in explicit terms, recognized China's territorial
integrity and sovereignty over the Nansha Islands.
- - Vietnam acknowledged the Nansha Islands as being China's territory
in its world maps published in 1960 and 1972 as well as its textbooks
published in 1974.
- - Vice Foreign Minister Dung Van Khiem of the Democratic Republic of Viet
Nam received Mr. Li Zhimin, charge d'affaires ad interim of the Chinese
Embassy in Viet Nam and told him that "according to Vietnamese data, the
Xisha and Nansha Islands are historically part of Chinese territory."
Mr. Le Doc, Acting Director of the Asian Department of the Vietnamese
Foreign Ministry, who was present then, added that "judging from history,
these islands were already part of China at the time of the Song Dynasty(960-1279, A.D.)."
- - Nhan Dan of Viet Nam reported in great detail on September 6, 1958 the
Chinese Government's Declaration of September 4, 1958 that the breadth
of the territorial sea of the People's Republic of China should be 12
nautical miles and that this provision should apply to all territories
of the People's Republic of China, including all islands on the South
China Sea. On September 14 the same year, Premier Pham Van Dong of the
Vietnamese Government solemnly stated in his note to Premier Zhou Enlai
that Viet Nam "recognizes and supports the Declaration of the Government
of the People's Republic of China on China's territorial sea."
- - It is stated in the lesson The People's Republic of China of a standard
Vietnamese school textbook on geography published in 1974 that the islands
from the Nansha and Xisha Islands to Hainan Island and
Taiwan constitute a great wall for the defense of the mainland of China.
The diplomatic note reads:
"the Vietnamese government approves of of the
declaration ... and will give all state organs concerted directives aimed at ensuring
strict respect of Chinese territorial water fixed at 12 nautical miles in all relations
with China at Sea."
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